Worms are parasitic worms that live in the human body. It is known that there are about three hundred species of helminths in the world. Worms parasitize in the internal organs, affecting them and causing various diseases.
Parasite eggs enter the human body in several ways.
- Contact is one of the most common ways of getting into the human body. Contagious helminthiases are transmitted when personal hygiene rules are not followed (unwashed hands).
- Geohelminthiasis. The larvae enter the soil or water with the faeces of sick animals, or by the transfer of insects. Flies are the main carrier of infection. Also, the source of invasion is direct contact with a sick animal, through feces, saliva or wool.
- Biohelminthiasis. Infection occurs through the alimentary route through food. Worm eggs enter the body through unwashed vegetables, fruits, eggs. Eating insufficiently thermally processed meat, fish, seafood also leads to invasion.
- transmission path. Some parasites enter the body through insect bites.
Signs of the appearance of worms
You can identify the presence of a disease in a person using the following symptoms:
- itching in the anus;
- bloating, flatulence;
- violation of the chair;
- allergic rashes on the body;
- weight changes;
- chronic fatigue syndrome.
If these signs appear, you should immediately contact your doctor, who will issue a referral for tests, diagnose the disease.
Treatment of worms
It is not possible to detect the presence of the disease immediately. The latent period can last for years. After diagnosing, anthelmintic drugs are prescribed by a specialist who conducts a series of tests, identifying the type of parasite and the stage of the disease. For each type of parasite, a specific course of treatment will be prescribed. Self-medication in this case is contraindicated. In the acute form of the disease, the doctor prescribes infusions, injections.
Anthelmintic treatment is not always effective, so the course of therapy is repeated after a few weeks. During treatment, part of the helminthic worms dies and comes out through the feces.
Treatment of worms has an integrated approach, including immunotherapy and the use of antibacterial drugs. All family members should undergo a preventive course against helminthiasis.